Reasons[ edit ] Vietnam War protesters in Wichita, Kansas, The draft, a system of conscription that mainly drew from minorities and lower and middle class whites, drove much of the protest after Conscientious objectors played an active role despite their small numbers.
Perhaps as many as a million people died, many more were wounded, and millions were made refugees. The resources wasted on the war exceeded what the entire Third World spent on public health in a decade. Prior to this date there had been subversion by each country inside the other and also major border clashes.
Iraq hoped for a lightning victory against an internationally isolated neighbor in the throes of revolutionary upheaval.
In Junethe Iranians went over to the offensive, but Iraq, with a significant advantage in heavy weaponry, was able to prevent a decisive Iranian breakthrough. The guns finally fell silent on August 20, Primary responsibility for the eight long years of bloodletting must rest with the governments of the two countries -- the ruthless military regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq and the ruthless clerical regime of the Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran.
Khomeini was said by some to have a "martyr complex," though, as U. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance wryly observed, people with martyr complexes rarely live to be as old as Khomeini. Whatever his complexes, Khomeini had no qualms about sending his followers, including young boys, off to their deaths for his greater glory.
This callous disregard for human life was no less characteristic of Saddam Hussein. Israel provided arms to Iran, hoping to bleed the combatants by prolonging the war. And at least ten nations sold arms to both of the warring sides. Before turning to U. Less than four percent of U.
If one examines the history of U. When the latter sued on the grounds that the Red Line Agreement had been violated, Mobil and Jersey told the court that the agreement was null and void because it was monopolistic.
Iran had nationalized its British-owned oil company which had refused to share its astronomical profits with the host government. The CIA then instigated a coup, entrenching the Shah in power and effectively un-nationalizing the oil company, with U.
After the latter two nations along with Israel invaded Egypt, Washington made clear that U. In October the Shah of Iran asked the U. Oil supplies were tight, the number of oil firms had grown, and the producing countries, joined together in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, were seeking to improve their financial position.
Crucial talks on oil prices began in between U. Significantly, Washington did not weigh in on the side of the companies, and in fact, the companies themselves did not put up much resistance to the price increases. For the oil companies, higher prices would be beneficial, making profitable their growing investments in the developed nations for example, in Alaska and the North Sea.
Oppenheim, based on interviews with U. In late and on intothe Arab oil producers cut their production and imposed an embargo against the United States and the Netherlands for their pro-Israeli position.
The public has memories of long lines at the gas pump, rationing, and a crisis atmosphere. Overall, the oil companies spread out the production cutbacks so as to minimize suffering, and the country most supportive of Israel -- the U.
From January to March, oil consumption in the U. Between October,and April,the reserves of oil products in the countries of the European Community never descended below the day equivalent of consumption; and in Italy the reserves in fact increased by 23 per cent. Washington opposed these efforts.
Nor for that matter has the crucial concern been the well-being of the average American.
One former Defense Department official has estimated that it cost U. In extremis, according to former CIA analyst Maj.
Atkeson, if all Persian Gulf oil were cut off, the elimination of recreational driving which in the U. Even in wartime, Atkeson concluded, Persian Gulf oil is not essential to Western needs.
The billions of dollars, however, are a good investment for the oil companies, given that they are not the ones who pay the tab.United states involvement in world war 1 essay.
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From Neutrality to War: The United States and Europe, – In the years after World War I Americans quickly reached the conclusion that their country's participation in that war had been a disastrous mistake, one which should never be repeated again.
World War II also marked the beginning of the end of world imperialism as nationalist movements began to triumph over weakened colonial empires.
One by one, in the decades following the war, colonized peoples all over the world would gain their independence.
The United States involvement in the Vietnam War primarily between the years and were brought about by the many hostilities and frustrations predominately based on issues of the Cold War, communism, the Policy of Containment, and the Domino Theory.
The U.S. became polarized over the war. Many supporters of U.S.
involvement argued for what was known as the domino theory, a theory that believed if one country fell to communism, then the bordering countries would be sure to fall as well, much like falling srmvision.com theory was largely held due to the fall of eastern Europe to communism and the Soviet sphere of influence following World.
The United States’ involvement in respect to the domino theory and the desire to stand against Communist aggression had good merits especially when viewed during the Cold War era. The support of France, so it would support NATO, seemed necessary as .