He was a scientist, a philosopher, and a politician, and he was adept, too, at taking bribes; for this he had been imprisoned. It is, however, as a literary man that he is perhaps best remembered, a writer so competent with the pen that for decades there have been some persons willing to argue that Bacon wrote the plays attributed to William Shakespeare.
Early life[ edit ] The young Francis Bacon.
Inscription around his head reads: Si tabula daretur digna animum mallem, Latin for "If one could but paint his mind". He received tuition from John Walsall, a graduate of Oxford with a strong leaning toward Puritanism.
He entered Trinity College, Cambridgeon 5 April at the age of 12,  living for three years there, together with his older brother Anthony Bacon under the personal tutelage of Dr John Whitgiftfuture Archbishop of Canterbury. Bacon's education was conducted largely in Latin and followed the medieval curriculum.
He was also educated at the University of Poitiers. It was at Cambridge that he first met Queen Elizabethwho was impressed by his precocious intellect, and was accustomed to calling him "The young lord keeper".
His reverence for Aristotle conflicted with his rejection of Aristotelian philosophywhich seemed to him barren, disputatious and wrong in its objectives. A few months later, Francis went abroad with Sir Amias Pauletthe English ambassador at Paris, while Anthony continued his studies at home.
The state of government and society in France under Henry III afforded him valuable political instruction. On at least one occasion he delivered diplomatic letters to England for WalsinghamBurghley, and Leicesteras well as for the queen. Sir Nicholas had laid up a considerable sum of money to purchase an estate for his youngest son, but he died before doing so, and Francis was left with only a fifth of that money.
He sought to further these ends by seeking a prestigious post. Inthrough his uncle, Lord Burghleyhe applied for a post at court that might enable him to pursue a life of learning, but his application failed.
For two years he worked quietly at Gray's Innuntil he was admitted as an outer barrister in In he took his seat in parliament for Melcombe in Dorset, and in for Taunton. At this time, he began to write on the condition of parties in the church, as well as on the topic of philosophical reform in the lost tract Temporis Partus Maximus.
Yet he failed to gain a position that he thought would lead him to success. This led to the publication of his earliest surviving tract, which criticised the English church's suppression of the Puritan clergy. About this time, he again approached his powerful uncle for help; this move was followed by his rapid progress at the bar.
He became a bencher in and was elected a Reader indelivering his first set of lectures in Lent the following year. He later sat three times for Ipswich, and once for Cambridge University Though a friend of the crown, he opposed feudal privileges and dictatorial powers.
He spoke against religious persecution. He struck at the House of Lords in its usurpation of the Money Bills. He advocated for the union of England and Scotland, which made him a significant influence toward the consolidation of the United Kingdom; and he later would advocate for the integration of Ireland into the Union.With Francis Bacon essays, the first barrier is the age and antiquity of the language.
It is often difficult to make out the sense of even one sentence easily. The whole essay can often seem to be.
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Verulam Viscount St. Albans Francis Bacon () Preface. To The Right Honorable My Very Good Lord the Duke of Buckingham His Grace, Lord High Admiral of England Excellent Lord: The Essays, Francis Bacon.
Francis Bacon (—) Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam and the Viscount St. Albans) was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, .