This is the 2nd article in a two-part series. Read Article 1 The first five components of a professional business plan provide an overview of the business opportunity and market research to support it. The remaining five components of the plan focus mainly on strategy, primarily the marketing, operational, financial and management strategies that that firm will employ. This article details these elements.
Production or Manufacturing Every manufacturing business has a production process - the way it goes about fabricating a raw or component material and creating an item with greater usefulness or desirability.
Integral to the overall understanding of a production oriented business is an appreciation of how the company will manufacture its products.
One straight forward way of conveying such information is to examine this activity in terms of resources, processes, and output. Resources may be characterized as those elements the firm must utilize in an effort to manufacture a desired product.
Typically, these include manufacturing facilities, machinery, equipment, materials and related assets, and labour. Depending on their relative importance, attention might be focused on each of these elements.
In the case of a production facility, it is important to discuss the process by which a company will manufacture its products. This usually involves some description of the plant, equipment, material, and labour requirements.
What techniques and processes are going to be used in combining these resources, such as assembly lines and robotics; and the capability of the business in terms of production rates, critical constraints such as productive capacity, or quality assurance programs.
The operational plan might include a profile of the facility, that will be used, including comments regarding size, location, and related specifications - clearance, loading docks, and proximity to other outlets such as railways and airports.
There should be some comment as to the nature of the machinery and equipment being used or acquired. Also, sources of raw materials or components availability, price volatility, and key supplier relationships are often worth mentioning.
The number one question being asked here is how you are going to implement the techniques and processes to get your product out the door. What sort of machinery are you going to be using and who's going to be using it?
Take the time to evaluate your production process and assess the plan to see if you can enhance efficiencies and improve the quality of the finished product. In doing so, you may find little gaps here and there that may serve impede the bottom line - profit.
Look at the various stages involved in creating your product or service, can these stages be shortened? Remember, you must use your judgement in deciding how much detail should be offered in the operational plan. Just remember that you want to convey to your reader that you have covered all of your bases when it comes to production.
Here are some points you may want to consider when putting your operational plan together: Capacity Capacity is the measure of how much work your facilities, labour force, and equipment can handle.
Does your production process have the capacity to keep orders up?
Do you have too much capacity? Productivity Productivity measures how long and how many people it requires to produce your product or service.
If you can produce more goods in less time, you can improve the bottom line from every dollar spent on equipment and operating costs such as salaries and rent. Labor What kinds of and how many employees do you require to produce your product or service?
How are you going to use them? Are you going to be using seasonal workers? Quality Assurance How are you going to keep consistent and maintain the same standards with each product or service?
Such activities include regular inspections throughout the production process, occasional testing or sampling of goods.
Facilities In business, the location of your facilities can prove a critical factor for your success. If your business is going require a large outlay of capital assets at the onset, you will need to make sure the facilities are adequate and are positioned properly.
What's the use of setting up a manufacturing facility in a rural setting with no transportation mechanisms? You will need to decide how you are going to get your product to your consumer and position your facility that will be both cost effective and efficient.
When evaluating your facilities, examine those aspects most important for your particular business. Do you need to be close to certain transportation facilities? Do you need to be close to key suppliers? Do you need to be downtown? Keep these points in mind when you are completing your operational plan for facilities: The Operations Plan Should Describe Required Company Locations Location Include the location of company headquarters, retail store sbranch offices, additional plants, and others.
Describe the size and how each will be allocated. Mention why you are located at your particular location and the benefits associated with it.Poultry / Chicken Farming Business Plan / Feasibility Study In Nigeria. THIS BUSINESS PLAN IS REGULARLY UPDATED AND CAN ALSO BE USED FOR BANK LOANS, GRANTS, PROPOSAL FOR COMPETITIONS ETC..
Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria – Our Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria Feasibility. TABLE OF CONTENTS OF Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria. Find the latest business news on Wall Street, jobs and the economy, the housing market, personal finance and money investments and much more on ABC News.
Writing a business plan is a big task, and no two business plans are alike. But most effective plans include the following major elements.
As you write your business plan, come back to this list of key components to make sure your plan is complete and thorough. Company overview: Your mission, vision, values, products, unique [ ].
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State Board of Higher Education meetings are held at University System campuses throughout the year. Conference call meetings originate from the NDUS office, 10th floor of the state Capitol, Bismarck. There are seven major sections of a business plan, and each one is a complex document.
Read this selection from our business plan tutorial to fully understand these components.