Journalist Alex Haley first approached Malcolm X about writing his autobiography in The autobiography was a culmination of nearly two years of intensive interviews with Malcolm X, which concluded in after his tragic assassination. Bywhen Malcolm was years-old, his father had been brutally murdered and his mother institutionalized.
Summary Analysis After many drafts and attempts to express himself, Malcolm manages to write a short letter to Elijah Malcolmx summary. He receives a very gracious typed response in which Elijah tells him to have courage—and also gives him five dollars.
Elijah also tells Malcolm that black prisoners symbolize the oppression white men enact on all black people in America.
By supporting prisoners and calling them a symbol of the movement, he virtually ensures their support for the Nation. Active Themes The hardest thing Malcolm ever has to do in his life is to repent and submit himself to Allah, or in other words, to pray.
He has to continuously try to force himself down to his knees, and continuously force himself to try and reckon with his past sins. Finally he manages to kneel, but then has no idea what to say. But he also says relatively very little about it, perhaps because he wants to keep it private.
He writes two letters a day, one to Elijah and one to one of his siblings. He writes further letters to politicians, but receives no replies. This scene resembles Pentecost in Malcolmx summary Christian tradition, when the apostles were so caught up in their religious fervor that they immediately went out preaching to every community.
Active Themes Malcolm grows increasingly frustrated that he cannot express himself more articulately and can only construct his thoughts in slang. Finally, he resolves to remedy this by studying and copying out the entire dictionary.
He starts by copying the entire first page, and marvels that he remembers those words the next day. He continues like that every day until he completes the entire dictionary.
Throughout his life, Malcolm has always thought very logically. His decision to study the dictionary is then like a radical example of that principle. Armed with his new vocabulary, a whole new world of knowledge opens to him in the books he reads.
From then on, Malcolm spends nearly all of his time reading or else writing his letters and dictionary entries, either in the library or in his bunk. He prefers the solitude of his room, however, where he can truly focus.
The only thing that holds him back is the 10 PM lights out, but then he reads by the light coming from the crack under his door. Not only does he study all day, but he pushes himself to study and learn even when he can barely see.
This follows a pattern of Malcolm becoming convinced of new ideas or a new lifestyle, and then immediately devoting all his energy and brainpower to that worldview.
Therefore, Malcolm resolves to focus particular attention on history books that explore the history of black people in Africa and in America. These include Carter G. All his studies can therefore be seen not as a separate pursuit, but as an attempt to support his religious beliefs with facts and arguments.
This fusion of academics and religious belief will make Malcolm a very persuasive and effective preacher and debater. Active Themes Malcolm is particularly horrified by the history of slavery and the atrocities done to black people.
To the contemporary reader, it may be easy to assume that everyone in American history has always been aware of the horrors of slavery. Active Themes Other authors such as Herodotus, Will Durant, and Mahatma Gandhi teach Malcolm about the horrors of colonialism and empire that have been perpetrated for millennia by white Europeans against people around the world.
While always coming masked as Christian missionaries, these European conquerors plundered Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Two examples Malcolm gives are: Later in life, Malcolm will take a more international perspective on the struggle of people of color against white colonizers.
Active Themes In assessing the damage done by white men throughout the world, Malcolm concludes that now in the early s the ex-colonial nations are joining in alliances together against Europe and America. Malcolm connects his current studies to his time in prison.
This is worth thinking about: Even in his present life, then, Malcolm makes sure to find moments to return to this space of intellectual freedom and exploration. Active Themes In at least one way, Malcolm appreciates the time he spent in prison.Immediately download the Malcolm X summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or teaching Malcolm X.
Oct 29, · Watch video · Malcolm X, theactivist and outspoken public voice of the Black Muslim faith, challenged the mainstream civil rights movement and the nonviolent pursuit of integration championed by Martin Luther. Watch video · Malcolm X (May 19, to February 21, ) was a minister, human rights activist and prominent black nationalist leader who served as a spokesman for .
Summary of The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The Autobiography of Malcolm X is split roughly into three parts: First, Malcolm's childhood and early adulthood.
Second, Malcolm's time in prison and. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on 19 May , the fourth of eight children. The family lived in Omaha in Nebraska where his father, a Baptist minister, Earl Little, was a prominent member of the local branch of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and an ardent supporter of Marcus Garvey.
Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family’s eight children. His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey.