Literary Terms Oedipus as a Tragic Hero Oedipus, the main character of the drama, is a great king with ideal traits in his individual personality also; but he is tragic due to a tragic flaw in terms of his moral disposition. That mixture makes us have the tragic experience of catharsis at the end of the drama when all the good of Oedipus is 'wasted' in his struggle against the bad.
Sophocles In his struggle against the evil of his life, written by his fate, he invites the very doom he has always struggled to escape from.
The name of Oedipus, which means "swell foot" in Greek, comes from his swollen feet. Oedipus is that ill-fated tragic character whose parents had to throw him away on the third day of his birth, because it was told that he would kill his father and marry his mother.
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He is that tragic man who was unfortunately pitied by the shepherd who was supposed to throw him in the mountains of Kithairon. And instead of "dying that fortunate little death", he was given to the shepherd of another king Polybos. He got that name and the terrible, tragic mark on his swollen feet because of the skewer that his parents had used to pin his feet together before throwing him.
And since he was destined to kill his father, he grew up in Corinth and ran away from there, on hearing the rumors of his evil fate, precisely to come to Thebes, kill his father and marry his mother, without knowing that he was running into the doom he thought he was escaping from.
King Oedipus can be taken as a typical hero of classical tragedies. Aristotle, the first philosopher to theorize the art of drama, obviously studied Oedipus and based his observation about the qualities of a tragic hero upon the example of Oedipus.
In Aristotle's conception, a tragic hero is a distinguished person occupying a high position, living in prosperous circumstances and falling into misfortune because of an error in judgment. Aristotle used the word "hamartia" to indicate the protagonist's tragic weakness.
According to Aristotelian percepts about tragedy, a tragic hero would be a man of noticeable qualities of behavior, intelligent and powerful, but by no means perfect. The fall of a totally saint like figure or a totally depraved rogue would violate the moral expectation and the audience would think such fall design less, chaotic and unjustifiable.
Oedipus is neither a saint nor a rogue. Despite his qualities, he falls because of his mistakes. His position is indeed as frail as ours, and he fails like common men in one sense, and such frailty of human position is what tragedy has to make us realize. In terms of the Aristotelian theory of tragedy, Oedipus is a tragic hero because he is not perfect, but has tragic flaws.
Aristotle points out that Oedipus' tragic flaw is excessive pride hubris and self-righteousness. He also points out certain characteristics that determine as tragic hero.
Using Oedipus as an ideal model, Aristotle says that a tragic hero must be an important or influential man who commits an error in judgment, and who must then suffer the consequences of his actions.
The tragic hero must learn a lesson from his errors in judgment, his tragic flaw, and become an example to the audience of what happens when great men fall from their high social or political position. Oedipus is a great and good king. The opening scene shows Oedipus in his magnificence, as a king who is so concerned about the welfare of his people.
He addresses them as "my children" as behooved of the good kings of those times. He is a great man with respectable moral value and personality. As a man, he is dedicated to fighting and avoiding evil. His quest for truth is in fact the cause of downfall, and that is one of the most tragic things.
As a king, he is an epitome itself. He loves his people. He gives his best to everything he does as a person and as a king. He is so worried by the problem of plague that he hasn't been sleeping: He has been walking restlessly instead of properly sleeping. He says that he will not talk to people through messengers and will not send messengers to them; he comes to them himself.
He is a king of excellence, command and esteem. The priest glorifies the king as a man "Surest in mortal ways and wisest in the ways of god". He is a man who has become the king as much through the intelligence as through his power.
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Part 1 Rhetoric is the counterpart of Dialectic. Both alike are concerned with such things as come, more or less, within the general ken of all men and belong to no definite science.
Accordingly all men make use, more or less, of both; for to a certain extent all men attempt to discuss statements and to maintain them, to defend themselves and to attack others. Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin CHAPTER I 1 Elmer Gantry was drunk.
He was eloquently drunk, lovingly and pugnaciously drunk. He leaned against the bar of the Old Home Sample Room, the most gilded and urbane saloon in Cato, Missouri, and requested the bartender to join him in "The Good Old Summer Time," the waltz of the day.
The tragic hero should be the kind of hero in whom we can all see ourselves, and whose struggle we identify with. Neither Oedipus nor Willy is such a character: both are so hell-bent on following what is shown to be a clearly mistaken path of action that we cannot share in their suffering or misfortune.