Right now, an editor may be about to issue an apology or a stern rebuttal. And a gaggle of self-appointed fact-checkers may be plugging sentence after sentence into Google for any traces of dishonesty. Plagiarism is a serious charge.
How different must your paraphrase be from the original? The paragraphs below provide an example by showing a passage as it appears in the sourcetwo paraphrases that follow the source too closelyand a legitimate paraphrase.
In this open heart surgery unit, the nurse manager hires and fires the nursing personnel. The nurse manager does not directly care for patchwriting and plagiarism charges but follows the progress of unusual or long-term patients. On each shift a nurse assumes the role of resource nurse.
This person oversees the hour-by-hour functioning of the unit as a whole, such as considering expected admissions and discharges of patients, ascertaining that beds are available for patients in the operating room, and covering sick calls.
Resource nurses also take a patient assignment.
They are the most experienced of all the staff nurses. The nurse clinician has a separate job description and provides for quality of care by orienting new staff, developing unit policies, and providing direct support where needed, such as assisting in emergency situations.
The clinical nurse specialist in this unit is mostly involved with formal teaching in orienting new staff. The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist are the designated experts.
They do not take patient assignments. The resource nurse is seen as both a caregiver and a resource to other caregivers. Staff nurses have a hierarchy of seniority.
Staff nurses are assigned to patients to provide all their nursing care.
The nurse manager hires and fires nurses. On each shift a resource nurse attends to the functioning of the unit as a whole, such as making sure beds are available in the operating room, and also has a patient assignment. The nurse clinician orients new staff, develops policies, and provides support where needed.
The clinical nurse specialist also orients new staff, mostly by formal teaching. The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist, as the designated experts, do not take patient assignments.
The resource nurse is not only a caregiver but a resource to the other caregivers. Within the staff nurses there is also a hierarchy of seniority.
Their job is to give assigned patients all their nursing care. The phrases in red are directly copied from the source or changed only slightly in form. Even if the student-writer had acknowledged Chase as the source of the content, the language of the passage would be considered plagiarized because no quotation marks indicate the phrases that come directly from Chase.
And if quotation marks did appear around all these phrases, this paragraph would be so cluttered that it would be unreadable. The staff nurses, in contrast, are assigned to patients and provide all their nursing care.
Within the staff nurses is a hierarchy of seniority in which the most senior can become resource nurses: The experts have administrative and teaching tasks such as selecting and orienting new staff, developing unit policies, and giving hands-on support where needed.
Just as the educational experts described above do not directly teach students, the experts in this unit do not directly attend to patients.
The roles of the experts include employing unit nurses and overseeing the care of special patients nurse managerteaching and otherwise integrating new personnel into the unit clinical nurse specialist and nurse clinicianand policy-making nurse clinician.
In an intermediate position in the hierarchy is the resource nurse, a staff nurse with more experience than the others, who assumes direct care of patients as the other staff nurses do, but also takes on tasks to ensure the smooth operation of the entire facility.
The social context of critical care clinical judgment. Heart and Lung, 24, Our Bad Media's latest report focuses on 12 instances of perceived plagiarism at CNN.
Patchwriting If a journalist has mirrored the language of patchwriting. ˜is is a lesser charge than plagiarism if the original author is credited. Yes Is the article a complete retread of. Plagiarism, Patchwriting and the Race and Gender Hierarchy of Online Idea Theft.
By Christian Exoo & Amanda Ann Klein, Truthout Published March 13, Share Reading List. Politics & Elections. This is a lesser charge than plagiarism if the original author is credited.”.
patchwriter, generally with a charge of plagiarism. This leads attention to a third issue, intentionality. Patchwriting deemed “unintentional” frequently receives reduced penalty, or none at all; patchwriting history of the form of cited patchwriting that appears to be an attempt at paraphrase.
Patchwriting and Patchwork Plagiarism Published January 25, by Joanna Roberts While we may not exactly think of it when that term paper is due soon, writing is a craft.
According to the Free plagiarism book created by Unplag, "Patchwriting is cutting and pasting material without adding anything of the value to the content. A student may change a few sentences around and swap a few words to avoid plagiarism charges, but it's not their own thoughts, words, or conclusions".