Select network Political philosophy is a subfield of philosophy that focuses heavily on the political, legal, and moral implications of different schools of thought within society. It is a field that goes back thousands of years to the time of Socrates, and more recently Machiavelli and Hobbes. Socrates, Machiavelli, Hobbes, and political philosophy Over time, a number of philosphers have tried to delineate the inter-related areas of morailty, justice, and the place of indiviudals within society. When choosing between identifying with either the Socratic school of thought or a Machiavellian Prince, it is important to answer the question of how important power is to the individual.
|I compare and contrast philosophyideology, and theory.|
Ideology refers to a set of beliefs, doctrines that back a certain social institution or a particular organization. Philosophy refers to looking at life in a pragmatic manner and attempting to understand why life is as it is and the principles governing behind it.
Ideology expresses dissatisfaction with the current state and aspires to be some future state whereas philosophy tries to understand the world in its current state. In other words, ideology is aimed at changing the world whereas philosophy is aimed at seeking the truth.
Ideology is rigid and once fixed on certain beliefs, refuses to change its stance irrespective of any change in the surrounding environment.
Challenging an ideologue can be the most difficult task. A philosopher, on the other hand, may arrive on some construct for the basis of life and other things but will be willing to discuss and ponder other philosophies.
A philosopher is open minded and willing to listen to criticism whereas an ideologue will refute anything challenging his or her ideology outright. This also suggests that while philosophy encourages people to think, ideology discourages any thinking that goes against the basic doctrines that govern the ideology.
The above definitions and differences clearly indicate that philosophy and ideology, if measured on a scale, would occupy two extreme ends of the scale.
Philosophy requires structured thinking whereas ideology has lot of personal emotions in play. Philosophy is neither harmful nor helpful as there is no advocacy behind it.
On the other hand, an ideology can bring both harm and good to the society. This is because the set of doctrines that govern the ideology may always not serve universal interests and ideology demands advocacy and conversion of other beliefs and thoughts to that particular ideology in order to reign supreme.
However, every ideology is born out of some philosophy. In conclusion, here is a summary of differences between philosophy and ideology. Philosophy refers to a pragmatic approach of looking and analyzing life. Ideology refers to a set of beliefs and rules belonging to a particular group or set of people 2.
Philosophy aims at understand the world as it exists whereas ideology is born out of a vision for the future and aims at changing the current state to that particular vision 3. Philosophy is objective whereas ideology is dogmatic and refuses to participate in any discussion that does not agree with that ideology 4.
All ideologies have some underlying philosophy but it is not vice versa. If you like this article or our site. Please spread the word.Althusser’s theory of ideology An essay, “Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses,” was extracted from this book and has been widely distributed, anthologized, and translated.
8 In it, Althusser argues for a materialist understanding of ideology. For this assignment, I will compare and contrast philosophy, ideology, and theory.
Philosophy is the most beliefs about what is true or real according to individual values (Gutek, ).
Philosophy is our beliefs that will determine what we do professionally and personally. Philosophy vs Ideology There are very fundamental differences between philosophy and ideology. Ideology refers to a set of beliefs, doctrines that back a certain social institution or a particular organization.
Philosophy refers to looking at life in a pragmatic manner and attempting to . Running head: Philosophy, Ideology, and Theory Philosophy, Ideology, and Theory July 13, Abstract The following paragraphs define philosophy, ideology, and theory as they relate to education.
These three terms are also compared to determine how they correlate to . With ideology, rather than philosophy, it is not specific skill centered but rather more broad based on universal truths and values (Gutek, ).
Theories try to explain the existence of the world or rather our own observations of the world. The real difference between philosophy and ideology is better seen in the simple claim that, “ideology is the exercise and implementation of philosophy within a .