Since the juvenile court was started more than a hundred years ago, a basic assumption underlying the juvenile court has been that juvenile offenders shouldn't go through the adult criminal courts. The juvenile court was created to handle juvenile offenders on the basis of their youth rather than their crimes.
Policy Juveniles Tried As Adults: What Happens When Children Go to Prison As juveniles continue to be tried and imprisoned as adults, we continue to see all of the repercussions. The majority of states have already started passing reforms to make it more difficult to prosecute juveniles as adults, but there is a long way to go.
Juveniles in the adult system Following the tough on crime era, the practice of trying youth as adults has become much more common in recent years. Between andthe number of juveniles in adult jails went up by nearly percent. Aroundyouth are tried, sentenced or incarcerated as adults in the United States every year.
On any given day, around 10, juveniles are housed in adult jails and prisons — 7, in jails and 2, in prisons, respectively. Of the juveniles held in adult jails, most of them are awaiting trial, as 39 states permit or require that youth charged as adults be held in an adult jail before they are tried.
Though as many as a half of them will not be convicted or will be sent back to the juvenile justice system, most will have spent at least one month in the adult jail, and one in five of them will have spent over six months there.
The majority of youth prosecuted in adult court are charged with nonviolent offenses. Federal law states that youth transferred from juvenile facilities to the adult system must be separated by sight and sound from adult inmates, but many states have either refused to comply with these laws and forfeited federal grant money or stated that they will comply only to stall on progress.
A lack of education There are numerous federal and state laws granting all juveniles the right to education, which apply to youth in correctional facilities.
However, many youth housed in adult facilities do not have access to any education.
A survey of adult facilities found that 40 percent of the jails and prisons had no educational services at all. Additionally, the Individuals with Disabilities Act requires that incarcerated youth with learning disabilities and other mental disorders be granted education that serves individual needs and prepares students for college, employment and independent living.
Yet, that same survey found that only 11 percent of correctional facilities provided special education services and an even smaller 7 percent actually provided vocational training. The other dangers The issue of course goes beyond a denial of education and other much-needed rehabilitative services.
And the Prison Rape Elimination Act of asserted that children are five times more likely to be sexually assaulted in adult prisons than in juvenile facilities, often within the first 48 hours of their incarceration.
Further, youth in the adult system are subject to mentally harmful practices and have less mental health services available to them than in the juvenile system. Many juveniles are placed in isolation, which can severely exacerbate or even cause mental disorders that have the potential to affect them for the rest of their lives.
Tragically, youth housed in adult jails are 36 times more likely to commit suicide than those in juvenile facilities. Moral and financial Youth sentenced as adults receive an adult criminal record, which restricts them from many employment and educational opportunities as well as financial aid.
We know from numerous research reports that a lack of education and employment means higher chances of recidivism. So, it makes sense that young people who go through the adult system are 34 percent more likely than those in the juvenile system to be re-arrested. Not only is this devastating for these young individuals, it also perpetuates a larger cycle of youth incarceration that is incredibly expensive to taxpayers as they must continue to foot the bill for recidivism.Aug 12, · On Monday, a Wisconsin judge ruled that the two year-old girls accused of attempting to murder a classmate to impress fictional Internet character Slender Man will be tried as adults.
Most juveniles tried as adults, and/or placed in adult facilities, are being denied education and subjected to various dangers, both of which can lead to permanent setbacks and high rates of recidivism. Most juveniles tried as adults, and/or placed in adult facilities, are being denied education and subjected to various dangers, both of which can lead to permanent setbacks and high rates of recidivism.
Should juveniles be tried as adults? This is a tough one to follow through considering that there are several arguments to put forth on both sides.
The following article will try and highlight both these sides so that you get a clear picture of the argument at hand. M., , p. ). Against Juveniles be Tried as Adults There are many debates as to the ethical reasons for and against the law that juveniles should be tried as adults when they commit a crime that is classified as bad (murder).
Should Juveniles Be Tried As Adults. Whether to try juveniles as adults or as minors has elicited heightened controversy. The statistics today shows that individuals who commit criminal offenses have not gripped the notion that crime does not pay particularly among minors.